Pulmonary Non-Invasive Ventilation

Pulmonary Non-Invasive Ventilation

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Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) encompasses a range of therapies for both inpatient and outpatient use.  For acute respiratory failure, NIPPV can be an effective intervention to support oxygenation and ventilation in patients with conditions such as status asthmaticus, bronchiolitis, and pneumonia.  Infants and children with chronic respiratory diseases or obstructive sleep disorders can also benefit in inpatient settings as well as in the home. This module targets clinicians who utilize NIPPV by reviewing the physiology, clinical applications, and specialized equipment and interfaces for pediatric patients. 

Learning Objectives

  • Discuss the physiology and cardiopulmonary interactions of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV)
  • Describe the use of NIPPV for the treatment of sleep apnea and dysregulated breathing in children
  • Explain the management and important considerations of NIPPV in the home setting
  • Identify the specifications of the instruments used for non-invasive ventilation

Target Audience

  • Physicians
  • Nurses
  • Respiratory Therapists
  • Physician Assistants

Curriculum Director

Jordan Rettig, MD


Brian McAlvin, MD; Umakanth Khatwa, MD; Dennis Rosen, MD; Julie Gemignani, RRT; Lauren Perlman, BS, RRT

Release Date

  • Released: August 28, 2019